Online Medical Laboratory Technician & Medical Technology Degrees

“Medical technology” covers a wide range of medical professions, but usually refers to medical laboratory technicians and technologists (also known as medical laboratory scientists). Medical technologists and laboratory technicians are healthcare practitioners who combine their love of science and helping people to assist physicians with the discovery and diagnosis of disease and infections.

Online medical laboratory technology degree programs are a great way to obtain a solid academic foundation before applying that knowledge in the field. One of the key benefits to online learning is the flexibility it provides. Since lectures and coursework are completed online, students can design a study schedule around any work or family commitments that they already have.

Online students are typically required to partake in clinical practicums at local hospitals or labs, providing them with valuable real world experience they can use in their future careers.

Medical laboratory technicians and medical technologists usually perform many of the same duties.

However, becoming a laboratory technologist generally requires that you have a bachelor’s degree while laboratory technicians are usually required to have an associate degree or a postsecondary certificate.

Laboratory technicians collect samples and perform tests to see if there are any irregularities. These tests are typically ordered by a physician. The samples provided may include bodily fluids and tissue samples. However, some medical laboratory technician’s responsibilities may extend beyond this scope. They also could be expected to do any of the following on the job:

  • Set up, calibrate and clean laboratory equipment
  • Perform blood counts and conduct blood tests for transfusions
  • Take part in research studies

A medical laboratory technician analyzes these samples, records their observations and informs the doctor of the test results. Laboratory technologists are typically given more responsibility than a technician and the job usually involves complex performance of tests and a greater level of judgment.

The Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that the majority of students who earn a degree in this field choose to work in a hospital or clinical lab setting. And, although a hospital setting can be the most common work environment, medical technologists and technicians also may find work in diagnostic laboratories, universities, or a private practice.

While most graduates with a medical laboratory technology degree choose to work in hospital lab environments, these degrees can lead to a number of different occupations in the medical field. The table below provides occupational information related to medical technology degrees.

Median Salary
Projected Job Growth
Forensic Science Technicians17,200$60,59014%
Clinical Laboratory Technologists and Technicians337,800$54,1807%
Natural Sciences Managers71,400$137,9405%

Source: 2020 Occupational Employment Statistics and 2019-29 Employment Projections, Bureau of Labor Statistics,

What can I expect to learn in an online certificate program in medical laboratory technology?

Prospective students interested in a certificate program should exhibit an interest in the scientific process as well as health-related topics. At the certificate level, many lab programs are available in lab assisting or medical assisting and may help students to prepare to seek entry-level positions.

Prerequisite: High school diploma

Typical duration: Less than a year

Typical coursework: Courses in a medical laboratory assisting program may include:

  • Basic Skills of Phlebotomy
  • Fundamentals in Healthcare Delivery
  • Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals
  • Specimen Processing

A practicum, or some type of hands-on experience, may also be required of students to help them further gain skills and to piece together all of the new knowledge they have about working in a laboratory.

What can I do after earning a certificate?

A student with a certificate may be able to work as a medical lab assistant or even a clinical lab assistant. In some cases, students may be able transfer credits from a certificate program into a degree program at the associate or bachelor’s level.

What can I expect to learn in an online associate program in medical laboratory technology?

Students enrolled in online clinical laboratory technician degree programs at the associate degree level can expect to gain the knowledge and technical skills needed to obtain entry-level employment as a laboratory technician.

Prerequisites: High school diploma

Typical duration: Two years

Typical coursework: While the curriculum can vary by degree level and institution, students enrolled in associate degree programs typically complete courses, such as:

  • Intro to Biology
  • Medical Microbiology
  • Human Anatomy and Physiology
  • Intro to General Chemistry
  • Fundamentals of Biochemistry
  • Fundamentals of Organic Chemistry
  • Medical Chemistry
  • Hematology
  • Medical Virology
  • Intro to Clinical Immunology
  • Interpersonal Communications
  • Advanced Algebra

Clinical experiences are also very important at the associate level of the medical technologist degree program. The number of hours necessary may vary by school or by state, but these experiences provide students with hands-on experiences working in a lab and gaining more knowledge about a laboratory environment and expectations.

What can I do after earning an associate degree?

Students who have an associate degree in medical laboratory technology may be able to become a medical laboratory technician, pathology research assistant, phlebotomist, quality control technician, or specimen processor. Students also can invest time trying out a job or they may continue on to a more extensive degree program, if they feel the discipline is a good fit.

What can I learn in an online bachelor’s degree program in medical laboratory technology?

At the bachelor’s level most degree programs are for medical laboratory technologists. Students can receive a deep and diverse understanding of the science that is needed to understand what goes on in a medical laboratory. An interest in biology, chemistry, and genetics is helpful. Potential students should also enjoy performing scientific tests and experiments using lab equipment.

Prerequisites: High school diploma, associate degree in related field

Typical coursework: Medical technology students take classes in a variety of subjects, including biology, general chemistry, genetics, physics, biochemistry and organic chemistry. An online medical technology degree program may include courses, such as:

  • Fundamentals of Organic Chemistry
  • General Microbiology
  • Diagnostic Microbiology
  • Intro to Clinical Immunology
  • Clinical Fluid Analysis
  • Advanced Clinical Correlations
  • Pathophysiology
  • Principles of Immunohematology
  • Hemostasis
  • Laboratory Operations
  • Statistics
  • U.S. Healthcare Systems

Electives: Bachelor’s level online medical technology degree programs almost always require completion of general education classes and give students the opportunity to complete electives.

Clinical experiences are also part of a bachelor’s degree program and these requirements may vary by state or by school. Students typically finish the clinical portion of their programs at area hospitals while working under the supervision of a professional medical technologist. A capstone project also may be required in the final year of school.

What can I do after earning a bachelor’s degree?

Medical laboratory technology degree programs may be used to prepare for a career as a lab technologist, a supervisor of medical technicians, a lab manager, or as a stepping stone to a graduate-level degree. Graduates of a clinical laboratory technician degree program might be able to find employment working in a lab specializing in:

  • Food, cosmetic and consumer-product testing labs
  • Fertility research
  • Forensic medicine
  • Forensic science
  • Research and product development


Accreditation is a process in which an outside organization looks at programs offered by a school to determine whether they are high-level quality programs and satisfactorily prepare students for intended careers or occupations. If you plan to be a certified medical technologist, make sure you consider enrolling in an accredited school. There are different types of accreditation:

  • Regional accreditation is granted by a regional accrediting agency that has been approved by the U.S. Department of Education. Generally, these regional accrediting agencies accredit a school as a whole.
  • In addition to school accreditation, there are individual accrediting groups that accredit specific programs. For accredited medical technology programs, the primary accrediting institution is the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences (NAACLS).

While certification may not always be necessary to get a job in the field of medical technology, many employers do require candidates to be certified. Certification shows employers that the candidate has been evaluated and known to possess the skills and knowledge essential to successfully perform the job. Certified candidates may enjoy higher pay or promotional opportunities.

After completing a degree program students may apply for certifications through the following organizations:

At least 11 states require medical technicians and technologists to be licensed before they begin their practice. These are California, Hawaii, Florida, New York, North Dakota, Tennessee, Louisiana, Nevada, West Virginia, Montana, Georgia. State laws can vary, but according to the American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science, licensures typically involve:

  • An annual licensing fee
  • Provision for continuing education
  • Minimum education requirement
  • Minimum profession competency requirements


Students may want to pursue graduate-level work to further pursue a field they enjoy. This could include a master’s degree program in a field like biomedical science, laboratory science or pathology or even a doctoral degree program in medical sciences.

Specific degree concentrations can help students attain the education necessary for certain career paths. This is particularly true at the graduate level. Here are a few of the most common specializations for medical technology degrees:

  • Phlebotomy
  • Clinical Laboratory Technology
  • Clinical Laboratory Research
  • Public Health
  • Pathology
  • Forensic Pathology
  • Immunology
  • Neuroscience
  • Laboratory Management and Administration
  • Global Health Consulting
  • Virology
  • Genetics

Students hoping to work in this field should enjoy working on scientific experiments and have an interest in health-related professions.

Employment Statistics

Top-paying industries
  • Insurance Carriers
  • Wholesale Electronic Markets and Agents and Brokers
  • Professional and Commercial Equipment and Supplies Merchant Wholesalers
  • Navigational, Measuring, Electromedical, and Control Instruments Manufacturing
  • Medical Equipment and Supplies Manufacturing
Top-paying states
  • Rhode Island
  • Alaska
  • Connecticut
  • New Jersey
  • Oregon
Top-paying metropolitan areas
  • Redding, CA
  • San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande, CA
  • Vineland-Bridgeton, NJ
  • San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA
  • Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT

Source: 2016 Occupational Employment Statistics, Bureau of Labor Statistics,

Resources for Medical Laboratory Technology Students


  • 5 Unique Career Paths for Medical Laboratory Scientists, University of Cincinnati, Accessed May 2018,
  • Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology, ODU Online, Accessed May 2018,
  • Bachelor of Science in Medical Laboratory Science, University of Cincinnati, Accessed May 2018,
  • Earn your Medical Laboratory Technician Associate Degree, Rasmussen College, Accessed May 2018,
  • Get Certified, American Medical Technologists, Accessed May 2018,
  • Medical Lab Assistant Program, Northeast Technical Institute, Accessed May 2018,
  • Medical Laboratory Science, Ferris State University, Accessed May 2018,
  • Medical Laboratory Technician, American Medical Technologists, Accessed May 2018,
  • Medical Laboratory Technician, Northcentral Technical College, Accessed May 2018,
  • Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists and Technicians, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Accessed May 2018,
  • Medical Laboratory Technician, Harrisburg Community College, Accessed May 2018,
  • Summary Report for Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians, O*NET OnLine, Accessed May 2018,
  • The American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science,, accessed July 2018

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